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Extracting firmware brcmfmac4366c-pcie.bin

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1. Extract the dhd.k0 from the trx firmware
2. Find the array object in the dhd.ko that holds the firmware.

For example we know the wireless chip is a 4366c0. Then find all symbols in the .ko using readelf

~$ readelf -s dhd.ko | grep dlarray_4366c0
   525: 00004448 0x10ab59 OBJECT  GLOBAL DEFAULT   35 dlarray_4366c0

Note down the size for the array object. Here it is 0x10ab59 hex or 1092441 bytes in decimal

Now we need to find the beginning offset of the array object in the .ko file. For that we inspect and already available firmware for 4366b. You see the firmware starts with 00 F2 3E B8 04 F2

screenshot-from-2017-02-12-15-39-13

So, look for this in dhd.ko and make a note of the offset to 00 F2 3E B8 04 F2. In my case it was 256840

2018-04-02 13_32_00-dhd.ko offset

Hence, run this command:

~$ dd if=dhd.ko skip=256840 ibs=1 count=1092441 of=brcmfmac4366c-pcie.bin

Verify that the result file ends with firmware Id  plus 4 bytes

screenshot-from-2017-02-12-15-41-39

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Written by Vivek Unune

February 12, 2017 at 8:47 pm

Posted in linux, openwrt

Tagged with , ,

Building Lede Firmware

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Simple DTS:

Basic DTS Linksys EA9500 which has three BCM4366 wireless chipsets. 

---
 arch/arm/boot/dts/Makefile                   |   1 +
 arch/arm/boot/dts/bcm47094-linksys-ea9500.dts | 78 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 79 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/arm/boot/dts/bcm47094-linksys-ea9500.dts

--- a/arch/arm/boot/dts/Makefile
+++ b/arch/arm/boot/dts/Makefile
@@ -78,6 +78,7 @@ dtb-$(CONFIG_ARCH_BCM_5301X) += \
 	bcm4709-linksys-r8000.dtb \
 	bcm47094-dlink-dir-885l.dtb \
 	bcm47094-netgear-r8500.dtb \
+	bcm47094-linksys-ea9500.dtb \
 	bcm94708.dtb \
 	bcm94709.dtb \
 	bcm953012er.dtb \
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/arm/boot/dts/bcm47094-linksys-ea9500.dts
@@ -0,0 +1,78 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 Rafał Miłecki <rafal@milecki.pl>
+ *
+ * Licensed under the ISC license.
+ */
+
+/dts-v1/;
+
+#include "bcm4709.dtsi"
+#include "bcm5301x-nand-cs0-bch1.dtsi"
+
+/ {
+	compatible = "linksys,ea9500", "brcm,bcm47094", "brcm,bcm4708";
+	model = "Linksys EA9500";
+
+	chosen {
+		bootargs = "console=ttyS0,115200";
+	};
+
+	memory {
+		reg = <0x00000000 0x08000000>;
+	};
+
+	leds {
+		compatible = "gpio-leds";
+
+		usb0 {
+			label = "bcm53xx:white:usb0";
+			gpios = <&chipcommon 0 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+			linux,default-trigger = "default-off";
+		};
+
+		usb1 {
+			label = "bcm53xx:white:usb1";
+			gpios = <&chipcommon 1 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+			linux,default-trigger = "default-off";
+		};
+
+		power0 {
+			label = "bcm53xx:white:power";
+			gpios = <&chipcommon 4 GPIO_ACTIVE_HIGH>;
+			linux,default-trigger = "default-on";
+		};
+
+
+
+		wireless {
+			label = "bcm53xx:white:5ghz-1";
+			gpios = <&chipcommon 22 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+			linux,default-trigger = "default-off";
+		};
+
+	};
+
+	gpio-keys {
+		compatible = "gpio-keys";
+		#address-cells = <1>;
+		#size-cells = <0>;
+
+		rfkill {
+			label = "WiFi";
+			linux,code = <KEY_RFKILL>;
+			gpios = <&chipcommon 16 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+		};
+
+		wps {
+			label = "WPS";
+			linux,code = <KEY_WPS_BUTTON>;
+			gpios = <&chipcommon 3 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+		};
+
+		restart {
+			label = "Reset";
+			linux,code = <KEY_RESTART>;
+			gpios = <&chipcommon 10 GPIO_ACTIVE_LOW>;
+		};
+	};
+};

Adding EA9500 to target/linux/bcm53xx/image/Makefile

define Device/linksys-ea9500
  DEVICE_TITLE := Linksys EA9500
  DEVICE_PACKAGES := $(BRCMFMAC_4366B1) $(USB3_PACKAGES)
  IMAGES := trx
  IMAGE/trx := append-rootfs | trx-serial
endef
TARGET_DEVICES += linksys-ea9500

 

Written by Vivek Unune

February 10, 2017 at 9:58 pm

Posted in lede, linux, openwrt

Tagged with , , , ,